Currently browsing posts by mzalendo

Will Ole Kaparo’s Commission Bite as Temperatures Rise?

Posted by on 27th May 2016

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Rick Warren, an American Evangelical Christian author couldn’t have captured the mood in Kenya better when he made this statement, even though it was not intended for a Kenyan audience, “Our culture has accepted two huge lies. The first is that if you disagree with someone’s lifestyle, you must fear or hate them. The second is that to love someone means you agree with everything they believe or do. Both are nonsense. You don’t have to compromise convictions to be compassionate.”

In Kenya today, people hate (probably fear) each other and are ready to kill each other over difference in political opinion. Worse still, Kenyans will agree with their political leaders even when they are out-rightly wrong because they love them. They feel, they owe them loyalty. This is absolute nonsense.

CORD’s IEBC protests are getting uglier by the day with reports of increased police brutality. The people suffering the most are women and children who unfortunately, are not directly involved in these demos. You would therefore expect that for the sake of our humanity majority Kenyans would at least condemn the excessive use of force even as they demand that CORD seek to follow the rule of law. But no, some are going as far as justifying those killed.

John Githongo the former anti-graft czar speaking at a conference on Integrity this week reasoned that culture is the foundation of a nation and further suggested that we have drafted enough laws, we must now go back to our cultures. His reasoning is echoed by former presidential candidate Martha Karua who argued in the same conference that the problem in Kenya was not lack of laws but enforcing them.

Picking from their argument and putting Rick Warren’s quote into context, we can safely assume that, we are cultured to engage in public theft, insult those we disagree with and be dishonest with each other for as long as our political leaders believe in these vices.

Where laws exist but can’t help, you expect institutions such as the Truth Justice and Reconciliation Commission (TJRC) to fill these gaps. Sadly, the recommendations TJRC made are gathering dust somewhere despite promises by the President that it will be implemented.

While Kenyans are breathing fire against each other on social media over the IEBC demos – as we have been cultured – you would expect that an institution like the Directorate of National Cohesion and National Values whose mandate is among other things, “to promote healing and reconciliation” would take seriously the flaring tempers we are witnessing in social media and among our leaders.

Already, Gatundu South MP Moses Kuria, sensationally claimed that, “Police should have killed more..” as reported by local media based on his Facebook post. While Kuria asked opposition to ask the “four dead fools from Siaya and Kisumu to wake up and go home.” CORD on the other hand were also making sensational claims that the police were targeting Luos.

These reckless statements is what got us to the Post Election Violence (PEV) witnessed in 2007/2008. Sadly, the instigators of these violent activities are never hurt in the process. Neither Moses Kuria nor CORD leaders were directly harmed in the chaos and perhaps that’s why they have no qualms pitting Kenyans against each other.

While the sober ones among us question where we got the culture of violence and disregard for the law, some wonder what became of Ole Kaparo’s National Cohesion and Intergration Commission?

Firstly that we have two bodies performing similar functions is a Tax payer debate for another day. But shouldn’t they be running serious campaigns against the negative political temperatures? Shouldn’t they be making examples of politicians with reckless and emotional statements to help the commoner calm down?

As Parliament hammers out a deal to resolve the IEBC impasse, it’s about time we looked at the work of the NCIC. Their inability to stem out the culture of hate over different political ideologies, destruction of property whenever aggrieved or the constant insults wanainchi hurl towards those they disagree with for the sake of wenyenchi is reason enough to call them out on this.

Police Brutality is a No! But so is Reckless Demonstration

Posted by on 20th May 2016

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This week the country was treated to horrific pictures of police brutality reminiscent of the “Nyayo days”. When the police appeared to be a law unto themselves. The name General Service Unit (GSU) evoked fears that could chill your spine.

It is not clear yet how the “peaceful demonstrations” against IEBC, as CORD terms it, turned so ugly and quickly. But, as expected fingers point to police’s overreaction. Perhaps, the Law Society of Kenya puts it better, that, the police show lack of training and inability to handle unruly demonstrators professionally.

“.. The police must be trained to efficiently and safely extract from lawful protests those whose behavior falls outside Article 37 in a manner that respects even such persons’ unlimited right to freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (Article 25(a)).” LSK said in reference to the unorthodox use of force during the IEBC demonstrations.

It is not lost to the country that not so long ago, Independent Policing Oversight Authority (IPOA) launched investigations over GSU policemen. There were allegations of them using excessive force and raping rioting University of Nairobi students. Additionally, it’s still vivid in our minds how police teargassed Lang’ata Primary School pupils. Our men in uniform appear to be less and less interested in the rule of law.

This is worrying trend, especially as we near the general elections with political temperatures rising. The horrific events of 2007/2008 post-election violence should remind us to exercise restraint and tolerance with one another. In the meantime, we are following keenly the investigations by IPOA on the anti-riot police who were out of order.

However, while the right to picket and demonstrate should be respected and accorded to all Kenyans, it should be a last resort. The opposition should adhere to the rule of law for the sake of the nation. Ways that are legally structured can help tone down the political temperatures. CORD’s demands are echoed not only by the civil rights groups and activists, but also by certain quarters in the government. Indeed with such a large backing, IEBC impasse can be resolved without much mayhem unless there are other ulterior motives. Having said that, the government should also purge from within the security forces those bent on disregarding the law.

We have already lost too much as a country from important regional infrastructure projects that Tanzania, Rwanda and Uganda are enjoying. In the name of political instability and insecurity. The government should therefore re-evaluate their strategy and take serious the call to create a peaceful environment in the country because it has everything to gain from political stability.

Meanwhile, when our MPs resume sitting in June, it would be prudent that they revisit the security laws in this country such as the Security Laws (Amendment) Act that had vague areas that could lead to infringement of individual’s rights, the freedom of expression and the media as guaranteed under Articles 33 and 34 of the Constitution.

Indeed, for the sake of the country’s prosperity, our MPs should table new laws or amendments that will ensure rogue police are winnowed out of the forces and professionalism entrenched in the security system and where such laws exist, seek better ways to enforce them.

A starting point would be to consider not only the training of our police force but also the time spent in training. Additionally, is it wise to recruit otherwise irresponsible individuals with weak academic background to the Police Force? Does this have anything to do with the deviant behavior witnessed among the police?

Lastly, recruitment officers should be trained on better recruitment practices. Outdated recruitment procedures should be done away with, in favour of scientific methods in tandem with the best global practices. Otherwise, 2017 elections could become our worst nightmare.

How Did Your MP Vote on the Gender Rule?

Posted by on 18th May 2016

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For a second time running, the National Assembly failed to raise the threshold required to pass the 2/3 Gender principle even though it is a Constitutional bill. The amendment dubbed “Duale Bill” was tabled on 5th May. The Bill has divided the National Assembly into two with some Parliamentarians being decisive while others being fence sitters. On the voting day a half of Parliamentarians boycotted the session, three of them women.

How did your MP vote? To find out see the list: Gender Bill vote 2. Please call, text or email your MP to inform them how you would like them to vote next time. Remember to commend those who voted yes

Give Two Thirds Gender Principle a Chance When it is Re-introduced

Posted by on 12th May 2016

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Kenyans celebrated Mother’s Day a few days ago and the social media was awash with praises for our loving mothers. The hypocrisy of mother’s day celebrations however, is how most of us are willing to testify of our mothers impeccable abilities yet deny those very women a chance at political leadership. Nothing could be more controversial.

A Bill that was supposed to level the playing field for women was not able to go through because some MPs feared it would be used to “reward people’s girlfriends” or that “women are not ready for leadership” needless to mention that these are quite sexist statements..

Here’s what those opposing the Bill are missing. The two thirds gender principle is not about women. No, it’s about equality. The principle aims at preventing domination of one gender at the expense of another. Perhaps, the National Gender Equality Commission’s (NGEC) overall goal should guide us here. There website notes, “The over-arching goal for NGEC is to contribute to the reduction of gender inequalities and the discrimination against all; women, men…” The gender debate is not about women but equality for all gender.

If anything, the duty of a member of Parliament and County Representatives is to represent Kenyans. This representation has everything to do with how Kenyans live at home. Who is better placed to offer accurate representation than one who is or has been involved in the day-day budgeting of the family and knows the needs of every member of the unit? To elect a woman is to simply give her an opportunity to perform the same job she’s been doing, which is solving the needs of the people but on a bigger platform.

Take Rwanda for instance. The country has the biggest number of women MPs anywhere in the world and it is on an upward trajectory in matters development and many continue to wonder how a small a country as Rwanda can continue outperforming bigger countries endowed with more resources, the answer is sober leadership. And in truth a country is only as good as the policies and the laws it creates. With women MPs at 64% Rwanda is telling us why we need to trust more women with leadership.

South Africa, the largest economy in Africa with 40% women MPs also can attest to success. Namibia which is also outperforming Kenya on many fronts has a high number of women Parliamentarians too. And we don’t have to stay in Africa; enough leading countries in the world have a good number of women parliamentarians; from Sweden to Finland. And these are the countries that are also leading in crucial areas like education with quite ingenious methods.

These examples should make us elect women, especially in Africa where women bear the brunt of both preventable and non-preventable disasters such as floods. We believe this is what informed the need to make the two thirds gender principle a constitutional issue. This principle only seeks to ensure we do not elect one gender at the expense of the other and if unfortunately we do, then the affirmative action applies but only as a last option.

As the government plans to re-introduce the Bill in Parliament once more we can only hope that our MPs put all blinders aside and protect all genders by passing the bill.

11th Parliament on track with the passing of Access to Information Bill

Posted by on 9th May 2016

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C.S Lewis once said, “If you do one good deed your reward usually is to be set to do another and harder and better one.” The 11th Parliament has done one good deed in passing the long overdue, Access to Information Bill. The bill sponsored by Hon. Priscilla Nyokabi ends an over 10 years wait.

Kenyans for a long time, have had to conform to the idea that information was a privilege of a few powerful bureaucrats both in private and public institutions. But it’s the government officials that intimidated anyone who sought information by invoking the Official Secrets Acts of 1968 but that is now set to change. This Bill reasserts the fact that access to information is the right of every citizen and that the government is only a custodian of that information.

The Bill went through the third reading in the National Assembly and now awaits input from the Senate before being presented to the President for assent. When the law becomes operational, any public or private institution that withholds information requested by a private citizen or any Kenyan for that matter will face criminal charges.

If any requested information has not been provided as requested within 21 days, one can seek redress in High Court on grounds of violation of rights and if found guilty the individual can serve up to 3 years in jail or fined up to Ksh. 500,000.

Furthermore, in the event that a secret information has been leaked through a whistleblower, anyone can seek to have the leaked information, arguing that it is already in the public domain. However, leaking of classified information that may compromise national security would lead to a jail term of 3 years in a maximum security prison or a fine of Ksh1 million.

While this is good for all Kenyans, the biggest benefactors are journalists, civil rights groups and activists who have long had antagonistic relationship with public officials and corrupt private entities with regard to sharing of information.

With the passing of this Bill, we are likely to see more prosecutions as information that was previously held on dubious grounds will no longer be an impediment to justice. This will indeed lead to a proactive reform within and without government as most of the culprits will begin to put their houses in order before they are caught flat footed.

This Bill reinforces the country’s commitment to press freedom and indeed the media fraternity will reap hugely from it.

Most of the challenges Kenyans experience are directly related to lack of information. From misdiagnosis to criminal activities; even elections. A country’s leadership is as sound as the electorate and indeed an informed electorate makes informed choices when voting in leaders.

Once it becomes law, the civil rights organisations that have been pushing for open governance and transparency in government dealings with its public can rest easy knowing that their concerns did not fall on deaf ears.

But having a good law is one thing, following it is another all together. It is now upon Kenyans to take advantage of this Bill once it becomes law to make leaders in government and private sector accountable to the people by adhering to the law.

Failure to Pass the Duale Bill Reeks of Chauvinism

Posted by on 29th April 2016

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Ever wondered why the goat would never dance to tune no matter how beautifully you play? Indeed Kenyans wonder with the same intensity why MPs would never do their bidding regardless of how much they shout on social media and different platforms about what they want. It’s sad that the National Assembly need another week to be convinced to pass the two thirds gender principle.

Never mind that both President Uhuru and opposition leader Raila Odinga both supported the Duale Bill and marshaled their troops to vote for it. That’s because the Bill has a progressive agenda and it should have defined the 11th Parliament.

The Duale Bill is progressive because it reaffirms just how futuristic our Constitution is. The Bill puts to an end the two thirds gender debate and provides a solution in the event women elected in Parliament did not meet the threshold but some MPs would not hear of it. Twenty eight (28) MPs voted against it and more than 20 others refused to vote or declare their abstention. With only 195 voting yes, the Bill could not sail.

And yet on the same day, when it came to debating a Bill that sought to shield Parliamentarians from prosecution there was a rare show of unity.  The Bill passed by an overwhelming 242-5 considering they only needed a minimum of 233 votes for it to sail through.

The Bill sponsored by Homa Bay (Town) MP Peter Kaluma seeks to prevent MPs and MCAs from any prosecution regarding anything they say so long as it was done or said in “good faith”. The Speaker exercised his full powers to ensure as many MPs as possible got a chance to vote for the “important Bill” and went ahead to say that National Assembly could now operate without interference from the Judiciary.

The question most Kenyans should ask is why are our lawmakers so afraid of their women counterparts? Is this Parliament sexist or is it just patriarchy on display? The Constitution is the most binding document in any nation and Kenyans passed it knowing about the two thirds gender principle. This was enough to signal that the country was on a progressive path and Kenyans were no longer willing to be stagnated by old ideologies.

Perhaps we should look at the nay voters and those who decided not to vote and draw parallelism between the projects they have spearheaded in their constituency and the benefits women have received from such projects. It does not make sense why anyone would not want empowered and emancipated women in the 21st Century.

The world has changed a great deal and our MPs should realize that women, like men are interested in a better future for all of us, any thinking contrary to this can be easily interpreted as prejudice.

Our legislators will do well to prove otherwise by passing this Constitutional Bill on 5th May.  We are watching.

 

Hostility among government officials only hurts the country

Posted by on 22nd April 2016

Categories: Uncategorized

Not so long ago Kenyans were ranked second happiest people in the region after Somali. For a happy people, it’s rather disturbing how quarrelsome and petty we can get with each other. From the National to the devolved government, Senate to National Assembly, Kenyans are always shouting at each other.

The apparent grudge the two levels of government have towards each other is playing out in Parliament. The Senate and National Assembly are at each other’s neck. One minute debating which House is more powerful, the next minute ignoring reason from either side.

The confusion that has characterized the implementation of the Constitution has been baffling to say the least.  Whether one supported the Constitution or not is inconsequential, it reflects the will of the people and its words are law.

It’s not lost to the public, especially those acquainted with devolution matters, the frustration devolved governments have faced courtesy of the national government. Point in case being the late disbursement of funds and failure to honor transition of important devolved services, which are still run by State parastatals.

Nonetheless, the public remains aware of the monies squandered by the devolved government in useless projects that have little bearing for the country or the specific counties. From overpriced wheelbarrows to bloated county legal charges.

This in a sense justifies the idea that devolution has succeeded in devolving corruption. What we have is not devolution but rather a replication of a centralized government in the form of 47 individuals who unfortunately consider their positions to be bigger than what they actually are.

The Senate which is expected to protect devolution in the House, appears to be the most frustrated by the process. Resulting to senators rallying colleagues to abscond the 3rd Devolution conference in Meru, which had health as one of the agendas that both houses have debated fervently on the floor.

The two arms of government that can implement devolution, the Executive and Parliament were conspicuously missing at the event. Only one MP and two Senators saw it sensible to attend the devolution conference.

Meanwhile National Assembly has renewed their fight against approval of the Ksh322 million for oversight by Senators. Not too long ago, Senators had promised to block any legislation from National Assembly over the same.

While the country is being treated to a circus of power play a few questions come to mind, what is so scary about devolution that we can’t support it accordingly? Who loses when the country goes through successful devolution?

Why can’t the national government provide funds in good time close down parastatals performing devolved functions and let devolution thrive? This is the sure way to absolve itself of blame from the public.

As for the County governments, the electorate should not spare those governors who devolved corruption in their counties or the Members of County Assembly who can’t rise to be counted. Why should the Senate be fighting to introduce oversight role when MCAs are supposed to hold their County governments in check?

Most importantly, can we find a way to extend the right of recall to governors as well? Power is with the people and until we make it clear who has the power, the elite will continue to take us through these meaningless wars of words that leave us poorer.

Banks Collapse Point to MPs not Conducting their Watchdog Role Properly

Posted by on 14th April 2016

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Someone did say Kenyans were born on the eighth day. To prove the unique-ness that is our country, trouble is brewing in the banking industry but important people want bloggers and users of social media arrested for the collapse of these banks not fraudsters.

Meanwhile, our MPs are now breathing fire! But the all-important question Kenyans are asking is, why the knee-jerk reaction when they could have formulated laws to protect Kenyans before?

As the MP for Tongaren Hon. David Eseli puts it, the 11th Parliament was a sleep. He asked his fellow lawmakers where was the finance committee when National Bank (NBK) announced they were selling their branches, and declared a profit while at it?

It was under the watch of the 11th Parliament that at least three banks have been placed under receivership to the detriment of Kenyan depositors who know little about banking jargon to decide the safest course of action or “safest banks” to deal with. And their ignorance is justified because their duty is to pay taxes not become experts at banking.

Furthermore, they put their faith in legislators whose duty is law making; including laws that inform financial institutions business by sealing gaps and loopholes that can be used unfavorably against Kenyan depositors. Now depositors are angry and confused after their hard earned money disappeared with the closure of three banks.

If there was a time Parliament could’ve dealt with the challenges with the banking industry, then it was this Parliament. The 10th Parliament going back provides a broad canvas painted with stories of bank collapse going as far back as 1984 and with a total of at least 32 banks collapsing from 1984 to 2012. To their credit, the 11th Parliament did pass the Insolvency Act that was accented on 11th of September last year (2015) but its effects are yet to be seen.

The Act aimed at providing for and regulating the bankruptcy or liquidation of natural persons, incorporated and unincorporated bodies to enable their affairs to be managed for the benefit of their creditors. In light of the closure of these banks therefore, one wonders whether MPs realize besides passing Acts they are also responsible for ensuring they are enforced.

It’s indeed surprising that MPs are now investigating these bank collapses with the aim of making recommendations to protect depositors and banks from the illegal activities of rogue managers and shareholders. Why not enforce the Insolvency Act that allows for depositors to withdraw their savings even as they embark on that 30-day investigation ordered by the Speaker?

The 11th Parliament should note that the burden to resolve malpractice in the banking industry squarely lies on their shoulders. If they are not up to the task the electorate that have been affected by these illegal practices that continue to thrive will act decisively in 2017.

Are our lawmakers doing enough to ensure proper service delivery?

Posted by on 8th April 2016

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Our law makers, besides debating and passing bills have the mandate to represent their constituents and nothing explains proper representation than ensuring they get appropriate service delivery from especially national institutions. Unfortunately, most of our MPs and Senators have never grasped the work cut-out for them. Now that the ICC issue has been put to rest – which pre-occupied our lawmakers so much – let’s revisit this matter of service delivery.

It’s becoming common to have individuals heading different sectors grilled by relevant parliamentary committees for a few hours and then go back to the usual mundane way of doing things. No wonder corruption is still alive and well despite the numerous interrogations of culprits by our lawmakers.

How can Parliament go beyond mere summoning and compiling reports and actually affect positively service delivery? And why is it appearing impossible to have proper service delivery in public institutions, especially after devolution? Already, Mathari hospital, the only referral psychiatric hospital is operating at double its capacity.

It’s not just hospitals, Kenyans and the country in general is losing billions of shillings unnecessarily because of shoddy road constructions. The Kenya National Highways Authority (KeNHA) had to order a contractor to rebuild a road diversion on Mombasa-Nairobi highway to save what KeNHA refers to as “regional economies”. The decision came after commuters and transporters wasted 16 hours on the road.

Chaotic scenarios are brought about by lawlessness and lack of proper policy that can be adhered to for purposes of ensuring proper service delivery. While these disorders are also as a result of the public’s inability to operate within the limits of the law (read: payment of bribes for services); it is largely because of the helplessness and inability to see rule of law observed with regard to the service.

The mission and vision statements in most public institutions are therefore mere public relations stunts and reflect not an iota of truth. Perhaps if our MPs also used the same services as the people they represent they may be interested in articulating issues around service delivery. For example: It doesn’t make sense to get services from a private hospital but claim to champion for better services in a public hospital.

If law makers are unable to ensure proper service delivery to the people besides calling individuals for questioning without follow-up then perhaps it is time the public exercised their power through the constitution. The clause that any candidate seeking to represent the people through the County Assembly, National Assembly or Senate utilizes the same services as the people they represent should be added. That should also be extended to their families, including the schools their children attend.

Only then shall we have a guarantee that those vying for office are inspired by leadership rather than the perks that come with the office, otherwise this hypocrisy by our law makers will continue and sooner than later we shall begin to accept these poor services as the best we can have.

In the same breadth, feel free to give us your thoughts on how better we can handle service delivery in public institutions.

Of The State of Nation Address and Rowdy MPs

Posted by on 4th April 2016

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After two years of scandalous headlines. Kenyans should be forgiven for being a little cynical. Additionally, what equally breeds apathy and hopelessness in the country is the reality that there appears to be no alternative voice. A voice that can be relied upon by Kenyans, all we seem to have are goons.

As we approach elections, Kenyans are more concerned about corruption and whether we can have leaders who respect the rule of law. Therefore, it is hypocritical for one to claim a government is promoting impunity by failing to punish those who disregard the law, when they have no problem flouting House rules.

It doesn’t matter one’s passion, disregarding standing orders and defying the speaker, speaks volume about your general disregard for the rule of law. Nothing could be more dishonorable than whistling down an important address as that of state of the nation. Democracy in the 21st century demands decorum.

That aside, this government does not appear fully interested in dealing with corruption head on. Currently, Kenya is ranked position 139th out of 169 countries by Transparency International global corruption index. Other than asking the courts to step up, there’s nothing new the government offered. The President only read about reports on assets recovered. This is nothing compared to the unprosecuted cases. To that end, the president’s state of the nation address was largely another PR display.

The president’s argument that his government has shown better by giving more than the stipulated 15% to devolution, is countered by the fact that the financial year is ending two months from now and county governments have not yet received half their county’s budget. The result of this is, counties incurring unnecessary debts and killing the industrial spirit at that level.

Also, the matter of inclusivity will play a huge part in the next election. Uhuru’s government has been big on rewarding old people with plum parastatal jobs when the youth languish in joblessness.  This recycling of old leaders negates any talk on inclusivity. This is quite a disappointment.

However, it’s important to acknowledge a few things, the president got right on few things. Firstly, while firing his cabinet was more out of public pressure than his willingness, he nevertheless acted, severing important political alliances. This, should be recognized.

Likewise, despite the controversy around SGR, it is a project that will transform the country in many ways. The plans to expand it to Naivasha, Kisumu and Malaba will have marvelous results that we desire as a nation.

The President was right on the country’s hospitality industry; despite threats by terrorists, tourism industry is on the rise with new investors setting up shops in Mombasa and tourists flooding in. Indeed, all that wouldn’t be possible if Internal Security and Defence weren’t playing their part. We should learn to give the devil his due

In the meantime, let’s keep off unnecessary and divisive banter. Let’s also not be sycophants who approve everything without interrogating its usefulness to Kenya. Let’s critic better than our rogue law makers and where we disagree, let’s do it honorably, because Kenya will remain after we are gone.